Guide for plan members
College Pension Plan is committed to helping you make the most of your pension. This guide is a provincial requirement. Please use the links at right to explore the topics most relevant to you.
When you can retire
The age at which you apply for your pension will affect the amount of your lifetime monthly pension payment.
The normal retirement age for most members of BC's College Pension Plan is 65 and the earliest retirement age is 55. As required by the Income Tax Act, you must begin receiving your pension no later than December 1 of the year in which you turn 71, even if you are still working.
If you are retiring before your normal retirement age, your age at retirement and years of contributory service will determine if you are eligible for an unreduced pension.
Qualifying for an unreduced pension
Although you can apply for your pension as early as age 55, your pension, including the bridge benefit (if applicable), will be reduced if you do not meet certain criteria.
Your pension amount for service on and after January 1, 2016, will not be reduced at the date of your retirement if you are:
- 55 or older with 35 or more years of contributory service
- 65 or older with any amount of service
Your pension amount for service before January 1, 2016, will not be reduced at the date of your retirement if you are:
- 55 or older with 35 or more years of contributory service
- 60 or older with two or more years of contributory service
- 65 or older with any amount of service
How we calculate your pension
Your pension is based on the number of years you contributed to the plan and the average of your five highest years of salary (not necessarily the last five years).
We calculate your lifetime pension using two pension formulas: one for service earned up to and including December 31, 2015, and one for service earned on and after January 1, 2016. If your service spans this period, we will add the two amounts together to calculate your lifetime monthly pension payment.With a single life pension option, you can choose a lifetime monthly pension payment with a guarantee period of 5, 10 or 15 years. The following formulas show how we calculate your pension based on a single life pension guaranteed for 10 years, assuming you retire before or at the normal retirement age.
For pensionable service earned up to December 31, 2015:
- We use the following formula to calculate your basic pension:
- If you are retiring before the normal retirement age of 65, we add a bridge benefit to this amount, payable until you turn 65 or die, whichever comes first. We calculate the bridge benefit as follows:
For pensionable service earned on or after January 1, 2016:
- We use the following formula to calculate your pension:
- We do not add a bridge benefit. Changes to the formula used to calculate plan pensions incorporate a full two per cent pension benefit, so your lifetime monthly pension will be higher, eliminating the need for a bridge.
Factors that affect your monthly pension payment
These basic pension formulas are based on a single life pension option with a 10-year guarantee. The actual monthly pension payment you receive will depend on several other factors, which may include:
- Your age when you retire, which may result in a reduced pension
- The pension option you choose
- The premiums you pay for voluntary retirement health coverage through the group benefit plan
- Any legally required deductions, such as income tax
- Your contributory service
After you retire, your monthly pension payment may increase if there is an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA). This adjustment may be added to your pension, and to your bridge benefit and temporary annuity, if applicable, to help them keep pace with increases in the cost of living over time.
COLAs are not guaranteed; they are based on changes in the Canadian consumer price index and the funds available in the inflation adjustment account of BC's College Pension Plan.
Once a COLA has been granted, it becomes part of your lifetime pension for all subsequent years. However, the portion of a COLA granted on a temporary annuity or bridge benefit will end when the annuity or bridge benefit ends.
Calculating your reduced pension
If you decide to retire early and do not meet the criteria for an unreduced pension, your pension will be reduced. The bridge benefit, if applicable, will also be reduced.
The reduction amount is based on a combination of your:
- Age when you leave your job
- Contributory service
- Age when you start receiving your pension
Reductions are pro-rated by month for partial years.
For service earned up to and including December 31, 2015
For service earned up to and including December 31, 2015, your pension will be reduced by three per cent for each year you are under age 60 if you meet all of these criteria:
- End your employment at age 50 or older
- Have at least 10 years of contributory service
- Have at least eight months of contributory service in the 24 months immediately before you ended your employment
Otherwise, your pension will be reduced by five per cent per year.
If you have less than two years of contributory service, your pension will be reduced five per cent per year for each year you are under age 65.
For service earned on or after January 1, 2016
For service earned on or after January 1, 2016, your pension will be reduced by three per cent for each year you are under age 65.
Your pension is a secure lifetime source of income after you retire. In addition to the financial security it provides you, your pension may also provide financial care for your beneficiaries after your death. Your beneficiaries can be family members, friends, charities or organizations that are important to you.
If you die before you retire, BC's College Pension Plan will pay a death benefit to your beneficiary(ies).
If you die after you retire, the plan may pay a death benefit to your beneficiary(ies) based on the pension option you chose when you retired.
The beneficiary(ies) you name while you are working are entitled to a portion of your pension if you die before retirement. When you apply for your pension, you can name the same beneficiary(ies) or different ones.
It's a good idea to talk with an estate planner, lawyer or financial adviser to determine the best choice for you when it comes to naming beneficiaries.
There are two default beneficiaries: your spouse and your estate.
Your spouse is automatically your beneficiary when you die. Your spouse is the person you are married to or have been in a common-law relationship with for a continuous period of more than two years.
By signing a waiver, your spouse can choose to give up their right to the death benefit they would normally receive when you die.
If you do not have a spouse, or if your spouse has waived their right to a death benefit, you can name other people, charities or organizations as your beneficiaries.
You can also name a trust as your beneficiary. This is helpful if your beneficiary is a minor at the time of your death or is not able to manage their own finances.
You can name one or more alternate beneficiaries for each beneficiary. If a beneficiary dies before you, the alternate beneficiary(ies) will receive the death benefit when you die.
If you do not have a spouse and have not named a beneficiary, your estate is automatically your beneficiary when you die. Your executor will be responsible for distributing the death benefit. If you do not have a legal will, someone must apply to the courts to administer your estate.
You can also name your estate as your beneficiary. The death benefit will then be paid to your estate and distributed according to the instructions in your will.
Sign in to My Account to view your current beneficiary information.
If you are a member of more than one pension plan administered by BC Pension Corporation, you need to submit a separate beneficiary nomination form for each plan.
Preparing for retirement
About a year before you plan to stop working, it's a good idea to begin preparing for retirement – gathering together some of the documents you'll need when you apply for your pension and taking the time to decide which pension option is best for you.
One year before you retire
□ Sign in to My Account and use the personalized pension estimator to explore your pension options
□ Consider who you want to name as the primary beneficiary for your pension; if you are married or in a common-law relationship, your spouse is automatically your primary beneficiary
□ Consider who you want to name as an alternate beneficiary (or beneficiaries)
□ If you are separated from a former spouse and they have a claim to a portion of your pension, submit your complete, signed separation agreement or registered court order to the plan so we know how to divide your pension benefit
□ Apply to transfer your service from another pension plan, if applicable
□ Apply to buy service for an approved leave, if applicable
□ Talk with an independent financial adviser to determine which pension option is best for you and your situation
□ Submit documents to BC's College Pension Plan to confirm your age and identity and, if applicable, your spouse's age and identity
□ If you have changed your name, submit documents to the plan to show proof of your new legal name
□ If you have not yet informed the plan that you are married or in a common-law relationship, update your personal information in My Account
□ Contact Service Canada for information about your eligibility and the application process for Canada Pension Plan and old age security benefits
90 days before your pension effective date
The earliest you can submit your pension application is 90 days before your pension effective date (the date you will start receiving your pension). We encourage you to apply for your pension no later than 30 days before your pension effective date.
Before you can receive your pension, you may need to submit a Retirement declaration form to the plan.
Sign in to My Account to apply for your pension online.
Looking for more detail? These links will help you